Frank E. Petersen, First Black General in Marines, Dies at 83 | The New York Times Frank E. Petersen Jr., who suffered bruising racial indignities as a military enlistee in the 1950s and was even arrested at an officers’ club on suspicion of impersonating a lieutenant, but who endured to become the first black aviator and the first black general in the Marine Corps, died on Tuesday at his home in Stevensville, Md., near Annapolis. He was 83.

Frank E. Petersen Jr., who suffered bruising racial indignities as a military enlistee in the 1950s and was even arrested at an officers’ club on suspicion of impersonating a lieutenant, but who endured to become the first black aviator and the first black general in the Marine Corps, died on Tuesday at his home in Stevensville, Md., near Annapolis. He was 83.

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Meet the gallant all-black American female battalion that served in Europe during World War II | Face2Face Africa The success of the formation of the all black female battalion was thanks to Mary McLeod Bethune, an African American civil rights activist who at the time, appealed to the then-first lady of America, Eleanor Roosevelt, to create more meaningful roles for black women in the army to help balance out the shortage of soldiers.

The success of the formation of the all black female battalion was thanks to Mary McLeod Bethune, an African American civil rights activist who at the time, appealed to the then-first lady of America, Eleanor Roosevelt, to create more meaningful roles for black women in the army to help balance out the shortage of soldiers.

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Oldest Known Drawing by Human Hands Discovered in South African Cave | The New York Times The artifact, which scientists think is about 73,000 years old, predates the oldest previously known modern human abstract drawings from Europe by about 30,000 years

The artifact, which scientists think is about 73,000 years old, predates the oldest previously known modern human abstract drawings from Europe by about 30,000 years

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Harlem’s mission to rename streets after black women before it’s too late | The Guardian As an intersection is renamed in Zora Neale Hurston’s honor, historians are fighting to preserve the Harlem black elite’s legacy so residents will be mindful of who existed before them

As an intersection is renamed in Zora Neale Hurston’s honor, historians are fighting to preserve the Harlem black elite’s legacy so residents will be mindful of who existed before them.

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James Baldwin: How To Cool It | Esquire Read the landmark 1968 Q&A on race in America.

In Esquire’s July 1968 issue, published just after the death of Martin Luther King, Jr., the magazine talked to James Baldwin about the state of race relations in the country. On what would be the author’s 93rd birthday, we’ve republished the interview in full—and his words are incredibly relevant today.

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‘It’s hidden history’: the race to save one man’s collection of black Americana | The Guardian From a slave’s collar to segregation signs, Oran Z has spent years collecting often shocking mementoes of America’s racial struggles. Now it all lies in shipping containers – and no institution will touch it

From a slave’s collar to segregation signs, Oran Z has spent years collecting often shocking mementoes of America’s racial struggles. Now it all lies in shipping containers – and no institution will touch it

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