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East St. Louis woman who raised 12 children and helped feed the hungry dies at 105 | Belleville News-Democrat

East St. Louis woman who raised 12 children and helped feed the hungry dies at 105 | Belleville News-Democrat

Mattie Malone, African American Community, Black Community, Social Fabric, Black Family, African American Family, Black Love, KOLUMN Magazine, KOLUMN, KINDR'D Magazine, KINDR'D, Willoughby Avenue, Wriit,

A few years ago, I read slave narratives to explore the lives of black agricultural workers after the end of the Civil War.

The narratives came from the Federal Writers Project of the Works Progress Administration, a program that employed researchers from 1936 to 1938 to interview former enslaved people, producing more than 2,300 narratives that, thankfully, reside online and are fully searchable.

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Jim Crow, Jim Crow South, Edwin Rosskam, KOLUMN Magazine, KOLUMN, KINDR'D Magazine, KINDR'D, Willoughby Avenue, Wriit,

Those whom the law defined as property recounted various unique human experiences — their daily horrors and monotonies, how they freed themselves or learned of their emancipation, the surge of exhilaration upon securing freedom, and how they endured life on the edges of a white supremacist society in the decades thereafter.

As I pored over the narratives, I was struck less by their experiences, as heartrending as they were, than by how their experiences sculpted their self-perceptions. The best explanation of what I gleaned, what social scientists called internalized oppression, describes the psychological trauma that ensues when a person from a stigmatized group believes those negative stigmas.


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