Tyshawn Sorey, African American Music, African American Art, Jazz, KOLUMN Magazine, KOLUMN

Is It Jazz? Improvisation? Tyshawn Sorey Is Obliterating the Lines | The New York Times NEW HAVEN — “I never listen to music passively,” the musician and composer Tyshawn Sorey said recently, nestled in an easy chair at his home studio here.



No matter what it is — if it’s dance music, or if it’s Tibetan ritual, or if it’s noise.” He seemed to be implying that the philosophy flows in both directions: His own music won’t accommodate your preconceptions, so it demands full engagement.

Mr. Sorey, 37, who is about to release his sixth album, is a preternaturally talented multi-instrumentalist who has built a career in the territory between standard definitions. In some circles, he’s thought of as a jazz drummer; in others, he fits in more as an avant-garde composer.

On “Verisimilitude,” out this Friday, he is both, at the very least. The album features Mr. Sorey’s longstanding piano trio — he is on drum kit and percussion, with the pianist Cory Smythe and the bassist Chris Tordini — making music of furrowed slowness and bodily heave. It may be his most captivating album yet.

What isn’t immediately clear on “Verisimilitude” is where Mr. Sorey’s written music ends, and where improvisations begin. “The idea of what is composed and what is improvised is pointless,” Mr. Sorey said.

Tyshawn Sorey, African American Music, African American Art, Jazz, KOLUMN Magazine, KOLUMN

Tyshawn Sorey, African American Music, African American Art, Jazz, KOLUMN Magazine, KOLUMN

Tyshawn Sorey, African American Music, African American Art, Jazz, KOLUMN Magazine, KOLUMN

Tyshawn Sorey, African American Music, African American Art, Jazz, KOLUMN Magazine, KOLUMN


HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGE & UNIVERSITY | HBCU

Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the intention of primarily serving the African American community. They have always allowed admission to students of all races. Most were created in the aftermath of the American Civil War and are in the former slave states, although a few notable exceptions exist.

There are 107 HBCUs in the United States, including public and private institutions, community and four-year institutions, medical and law schools.

Most HBCUs were established after the American Civil War, often with the assistance of northern United States religious missionary organizations. However, Cheyney University of Pennsylvania (1837) and Lincoln University (Pennsylvania) (1854), were established for blacks before the American Civil War. In 1856 the AME Church of Ohio collaborated with the Methodist Episcopal Church, a predominantly white denomination, in sponsoring the third college Wilberforce University in Ohio. Established in 1865, Shaw University was the first HBCU in the South to be established after the American Civil War.

The Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, defines a “part B institution” as: “…any historically black college or university that was established before 1964, whose principal mission was, and is, the education of black Americans, and that is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association determined by the Secretary [of Education] to be a reliable authority as to the quality of training offered or is, according to such an agency or association, making reasonable progress toward accreditation.”Part B of the 1965 Act provides for direct federal aid to Part B institutions.

In 1862, the Federal government’s Morrill Act provided for land grant colleges in each state. Some educational institutions in the North or West were open to blacks before the Civil War. But 17 states, mostly in the South, had segregated systems and generally excluded black students from their land grant colleges. In response, Congress passed the second Morrill Act of 1890, also known as the Agricultural College Act of 1890, requiring states to establish a separate land grant college for blacks if blacks were being excluded from the existing land grant college. Many of the HBCUs were founded by states to satisfy the Second Morrill Act. These land grant schools continue to receive annual federal funding for their research, extension and outreach activities. The Higher Education Act of 1965 established a program for direct federal grants to HBCUs, including federal matching of private endowment contributions. (Wikipedia).