Queen Nanny was kidnapped from Ghana, Africa, and forced into slavery in Jamaica as a child. The people of Maroon were enslaved Blacks who had fled their plantations and started their own communities. Along with her brothers, Queen Nanny also escaped the misery of slavery.
Queen Nanny and her brothers led several revolts and, in the course of 30 years, she was able to free 800 enslaved Africans and settle them into the town of the Maroons. Queen Nanny defeated the British on many occasions and despite attacks, her settlement, Nanny Town, remained under Maroon control for several years before being destroyed in 1934.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea, consisting of the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles. The island, 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola (the island containing the nation-states of Haiti and the Dominican Republic). Jamaica is the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean, by area.
Inhabited by the indigenous Arawak and Taíno peoples, the island came under Spanish rule following the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1494. Many of the indigenous people died of disease, and the Spanish imported African slaves as labourers. Named Santiago, the island remained a possession of Spain until 1655, when England (later Great Britain) conquered it and renamed it Jamaica. Under British colonial rule Jamaica became a leading sugar exporter, with its plantation economy highly dependent on slaves forcibly transported from Africa. The British fully emancipated all slaves in 1838, and many freedmen chose to have subsistence farms rather than to work on plantations. Beginning in the 1840s, the British imported Chinese and Indian indentured labour to work on plantations. The island achieved independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August 1962. (Wikipedia).