In an article about Nagarwala’s arrest, the New York Times calls her alleged crime “female genital cutting.” One reader wrote to Public Editor Liz Spayd last week, asking why the writer didn’t call it “female genital mutilation,” or FGM, the term favored by international health organizations and human-rights groups. Spayd threw the question to Celia Dugger, the paper’s health and science editor, who answered thus:
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations.
The constitution of the World Health Organization had been signed by 61 countries on 22 July 1946, with the first meeting of the World Health Assembly finishing on 24 July 1948. It incorporated the Office international d’hygiène publique and the League of Nations Health Organization. Since its creation, it has played a leading role in the eradication of smallpox. Its current priorities include communicable diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis; the mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases; sexual and reproductive health, development, and ageing; nutrition, food security and healthy eating; occupational health; substance abuse; and driving the development of reporting, publications, and networking. (Wikipedia)